People who eat breakfast burn more calories and have tighter blood sugar control than those who are fasting, a new study has shown.
Researchers examined the effect of daily breakfast compared to morning fasting on energy balance.
In the University of Bath study, people aged between 21 and 60 were randomly allocated into a 'fasting' group and a 'breakfast' group for six weeks
The fasting group consumed no calories until 12pm each day, with the breakfast group eating 700 calories before 11am - 350 within two hours of waking.
Those who ate breakfast experienced little impact on snacking or portion sizes or a change in their resting metabolism, contrary to popular belief
However, they were likely to expend more energy - around 442 calories - by being active, mainly in the morning after eating.
And as the day went on, those who ate breakfast experienced better blood sugar control compared to those who had fasted.
Dr James Betts, of the University of Bath's Department of Health, was the principal investigator in the study, published in leading nutrition journal American Journal of Clinical Nutrition today.
‘The main finding from our study is that people who eat breakfast burn more calories,’ Dr Betts said.
‘Most people would think this is because of reduced snacking and increased metabolic rate but actually this is due to moving around.
‘They were more active during the period that they had eaten breakfast. People moved around if they had been fed and there are many benefits to being active.’
The rest of their daily diets did not change and those who consumed breakfast were not told what to eat, Dr Betts said